"Puppet is an open-source configuration management tool. It runs on many Unix-like systems as well as on Microsoft Windows, and includes its own declarative language to describe system configuration." - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puppet_(software)

Examples

Standalone mode

  • puppet apply /path/to/manifests works, or you can specify a .pp file

Show variables about the host that puppet knows (facts)

facter

Show how puppet interacts with a resource

puppet describe cron

Show available puppet types

puppet resource --types

Show the puppet code that will create a resource

$ puppet resource file /etc/hosts
file { '/etc/hosts':
  ensure  => 'file',
  content => '{md5}9ffbd726fd5b15de760cc0150d607628',
  ctime   => 'Wed Apr 01 17:05:59 -0700 2015',
  group   => '0',
  mode    => '644',
  mtime   => 'Wed Apr 01 17:05:59 -0700 2015',
  owner   => '0',
  type    => 'file',
}

Tests

Marionette Collective

"The Marionette Collective, also known as MCollective, is a framework for building server orchestration or parallel job-execution systems. Most users programmatically execute administrative tasks on clusters of servers." - http://docs.puppetlabs.com/mcollective/

mco

Show some puppet cluster stats

mco puppet summary
mco puppet count
mco puppet status

Find a random node in the cluster

mco find -1

Ping all nodes in the puppet cluster

mco ping

Show if a file exists on each host in the cluster

mco filemgr -f /srv/nginx status

Use fstat and md5 to detect files needing repair

mco find -S "fstat('/srv/somedir/somefile').md5=/af6db18c6dfa81c294895003e13a2eef/" > files_needing_attention.txt
pssh -h files_needing_attention.txt) 'do_something_to_the_file'

Use fstat to find hosts where a directory has not been modified recently

mco find -S "fstat('/srv').mtime_seconds<$(date +%s -d '-8 hours')"

Show stats about which OSes you have

mco facts lsbdistdescription

Show all ip addreses on all hosts where a configured IP address matches a regex

mco facts all_ipaddresses -F 'all_ipaddresses=~10\.(56|29)\.'

Show a report about uptimes over a year

mco facts uptime -F 'uptime_days>365' |
awk '$2 == "days" {print}' |
sort -n -k1 |
column -t

Find machines where a fact is true

mco find is_ec2

Which is the same as

mco find -W is_ec2=true

Find machines that have a certain fact value

mco find --with-fact lsbdistcodename=lucid

Show a fact on machines that have a specific fact value

mco facts role --with-fact lsbdistcodename=lucid -v

Find ec2 hosts with low uptime

mco find -W 'is_ec2=true uptime_seconds<7200'

Show detailed info about a node

mco inventory fqdn.example.com

Find nodes that match a config management class

mco find -C role::awsadmin

Show the classes for a given host

sort /var/lib/puppet/state/classes.txt

Kick off a puppet run on all hosts of a certain class

The following two syntaxes are essentially the same, using the same puppet agent of mco. The only differences are the use of runall vs runonce, and the method that performs parallel execution. I'm not sure what difference there is in the code path.

mco rpc    -C "class_boolean" -F "fact_name=fact_value" --batch 10 --agent puppet --action runonce
mco puppet -C "class_boolean" -F "fact_name=fact_value" runall 10

Show the status and puppet policy about a package on all hosts

mco rpc package status package=openssh-client --discovery-timeout 60 --json

Upgrade an installed package on 10 random web hosts

This upgrades, but does not install if the package is not already present.

mco package update 'nginx' -I '/web/' --limit=10

Show breakdown of hosts by OS version by role

mco facts -v --wc role::mon lsbdistdescription

Use mco to find packages of a certain version on a certain OS

mco rpc package status package=apt -j -F lsbdistcodename=trusty > cache.json
jq -c '.[] | select(.data.ensure == "1.0.1ubuntu2") | { version: .data.ensure, hostname: .sender }' cache.json

Hiera

"Hiera is a key/value lookup tool for configuration data, built to make Puppet better and let you set node-specific data without repeating yourself." - http://docs.puppetlabs.com/hiera/latest/

r10k

The suggested workflow for puppet is to use r10k on a control repo to manage the modules on your puppetmaster and the environments it provides. The general idea is that each module is represented by a puppetforge module name or a git repo listed inside of the ambiguously named Puppetfile. When r10k puppetfile install -v is run, all modules listed in this file are installed according to their definitions, and all modules that are not in this file are purged. Also, r10k will set up environments based on the git branches of the control repo. This workflow is described in detail at Managing and deploying Puppet code. It assumes you are not using a puppet apply type setup, which makes this difficult to follow for people who are playing with this at home in a non-puppetmaster scenario, such as in vagrant or on raspberry pi's.